We; Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani
Deputy Emir of the State of Qatar
Decree Law No. (17) of 2010 On the organization of the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC)
We; Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani Deputy Emir of the State of Qatar
After perusal of the Constitution, Decree Law No. (38) of 2002 on establishing the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC), as amended, and the draft law submitted by the Council of Ministers.
The National Human Rights NHRC (NHRC) shall have its own legal personality, as well as its independent budget.
The NHRC shall be headquartered in the city of Doha, and may establish other branches and offices in other parts of the country.
The NHRC aims at promoting and protecting human rights and freedoms, for so-doing, it shall act upon the following competencies and duties:
1 – To propose necessary means to promote and pursue the objectives stipulated by international conventions nd instruments on human rights, to which the State of Qatar has become a party, and to recommend on the State’s accession to other human rights conventions and instruments.
2 – To advise and provide recommendations to the concerned authorities regarding human rights issues.
3 – To consider any abuses or violations of human rights, to get involved in the settlement of complaints reported to it on such violations, to coordinate with the competent authorities for necessary action, and to propose ways to address and prevent them from being repeated.
4 – To make the necessary suggestions to those who are concerned with existing legislations and proposed draft laws, and their relevance to the provisions of international conventions on human rights to which the State of Qatar has become a party.
5 – To monitor human rights status in the country, to prepare related reports, and submit such reports to the Council of Ministers together with the NHRC’s opinion in this regard.
6 – To monitor issues that might be raised regarding human rights status in the country and to coordinate with the concerned authorities to address such issues.
7 – To take part in the preparation of national reports intended to be submitted by the State of Qatar to international bodies and organizations concerned with human rights regarding the conventions to which the State has become a party.
8 – To cooperate with international, regional, and national organizations concerned with human rights and freedoms and to participate in related international events.
9 – To raise awareness on human rights and freedoms, to entrench human rights culture, and to consolidate human rights principles on both the intellectual and the practical levels.
10 – To conduct field visits to penal and reformatory institutions, detention centres, labour gatherings, health institutions, and educational institutions so as to monitor the human rights status. Such visits are expected to be made by the NHRC’s Chairman and Members.
11 – To coordinate and cooperate with institutions concerned with human rights in the State of Qatar, according to each institution’s terms of reference and duties.
12 – To organize conferences, symposiums, courses and debates on human rights and freedoms issues and to coordinate with the concerned authorities in this regard when necessary.
13 – To take part in the preparation of educational and research programmes related to human rights and to participate in their implementation.
The NHRC has full independence in the exercise of its human rights activities.
The NHRC shall be comprised of no less than seven civil society representatives to be selected from experienced human rights advocates in addition to one representative from each of the following authorities:
1 – Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
2 – Ministry of Interior.
3 – Ministry of Labour.
4 – Ministry of Social Affairs.
5 – The Supreme Council for Family Affairs.
Each of the entities above shall nominate its representative for the NHRC’s membership. Those representatives shall attend the NHRC’s meetings but shall not have the right to vote.
Members of the NHRC shall be appointed by an Emiri decree.
Whoever is appointed a NHRC’s member must meet the following conditions:
1 – To be a Qatari national.
2 – Not below the age of twenty-one years.
3 – A well-behaved person with good reputation.
4 – Never has been convicted of a crime involving a breach or violation of honour or public trust.
5 – Experienced and competent in the field of human rights.
The term of the NHRC’s membership shall be three years, renewable for other similar term(s).
The NHRC will select a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman from among its members who are civil society representatives, and the Vice-Chairman shall replace the Chairman during his absence or whenever the post is vacant. The NHRC shall appoint a Rapporteur to follow up the agendas of its meetings without having the right to vote.
If the membership of civil society representatives is vacant, the NHRC shall instead nominate a replacement, and if the vacant membership involves a representative of any of the said government authorities, the concerned authority shall nominate a replacement.
Appointment of members shall be effected by an Emiri decree.
Term of membership shall expire in any of the following cases:
1 – If the member intentionally violates the NHRC law and its organizational regulations.
2 – If the member has performed an act contrary to the objectives of the NHRC or that would disrupt the performance of its duties and terms of reference.
3 – If the member has frequently refused to attend the NHRC’s meetings with no excuse that can be accepted by the NHRC Chairman, despite being warned in written form.
4 – If the member has lost one of the conditions stipulated by items (1), (3), (4) of Article (6) of this same Law.
5 – In case of death or disability which may prevents the member from performing the duties of his membership.
6 – Resignation.
An Emiri decree shall be issued to terminate membership upon a proposal of the NHRC.
Meeting of the NHRC shall convene upon the invitation of the Chairman once every three months and whenever need arises. Meetings shall be deemed valid in the presence of a majority of civil society members including the NHRC’s chairman or vice chairman. The NHRC’s recommendations shall be issued by a majority vote of the attending members, and in case of equal votes, the chairman’s party shall prevail.
The NHRC shall submit a report to the Council of Ministers every six months and whenever requested or may consider it imperative in the light of the results of its work and activities, together with its proposals.
The NHRC may invite to its meetings whoever it considers as necessary of experts and others to make use of their opinions and to participate in the NHRC’s discussions without having the right to vote.
The NHRC may form sub-committees or work groups including its members or other specialized professionals to study any issues concerning the NHRC’s terms of reference.
The Chairman shall represent the NHRC before the judiciary in its dealings with others and he may delegate other members in some of his powers.
The NHRC shall have a Secretariat headed by SecretaryGeneral to be appointed by the NHRC’s Chairman’s decision. The Secretary-General shall oversee the performance of the NHRC’s departments, units and administrative offices in compliance with the provisions of the organizational, administrative, and financial regulations,.
Ministries, government departments and public institutions shall cooperate with the NHRC in performing its duties and terms of reference. They shall provide the NHRC with information and data required in this regard.
The NHRC may invite the representative of any of these parties to attend its meetings without having the right to vote.
The financial resources of the NHRC shall include:
– Appropriations allocated by the State.
– Subsidies, donations, grants, and bequests made to it from national bodies.
The NHRC shall have an auditor to be appointed by the NHRC Chairman for auditing the NHRC’s accounts and to report thereon to the Chairman within a period not exceeding two months from the end of the fiscal year.
The NHRC shall prepare its annual budget estimates and final accounts in accordance with the rules set by its financial regulations.
The NHRC shall establish departments, units and administrative offices necessary to achieve its objectives and facilitate the performance of the duties assigned to it. For so-doing it shall seek the assistance of sufficient staff, technicians and specialists.
The organization of these departments, units and regulations, their respective competencies and salaries of employees shall be effected by the Chairman’s decisions.
The NHRC shall develop its own executive, organizational, administrative, and financial regulations against a resolution issued by the NHRC Chairman.
The said Decree Law No. (38) of 2002 shall be rescinded.
All competent authorities shall implement this law, in accordance with their respective terms of reference.
This law shall be effective starting the date of issue and shall be published in the Official Gazette.
Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani
Deputy Emir of the State of Qatar
Issued at the EmiriDiwan on 9/9/1431 Islamic Calendar
Corresponding to: 19/08/2010 AD