The National Human Rights Committee of Qatar welcomed the statements made by the Ministry of Administrative Development, Labor and Social Affairs and stressed the importance of the State in protecting the rights and duties of workers and employers.
In this regard, the Committee appreciates the approval by the Council of Ministers on 25/10/2017 of a draft law amending the text of Article 7 of Law No. 21 of 2015 regulating the entry, exit and residence of expatriates amended by Law No. 1 of 2017 concerning determining the mechanism of exiting the expatriates from the State for the purpose of leave, in which the law stipulates that workers shall be discharged directly without the need to present a notice of leave except for a group of workers whose nature of work requires the employer to be notified in advance and to take prior approval.
The Committee also commends the announcement by the Ministry of Administrative Development, Labor and Social Affairs of its intention to put the law into force within the next six months, after completing the legislative procedures necessary for the implementation of this amendment, to take measures and prepare the necessary programs and awareness through holding workshops and seminars for employers to ensure that this amendment is applied properly .
The National Human Rights Committee expresses its full readiness to cooperate with all concerned parties within the State, especially the Ministries of Administrative Development, Labor and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Interior, in order to ensure the success of this important positive step and to implement it properly.
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On his visit to London, where he met with members of the House of Commons, the Lords of the British Parliament, the Shadow Government Minister and officials of the Foreign Ministry, Dr. Ali Bin Smaikh Al Marri, President of the National Human Rights Committee, warned of the persistence of the blockade countries that would prolong the crisis and exacerbate the humanitarian tragedies and family disintegration of thousands of citizens and residents of the Gulf States whose basic rights have been violated in the absence of a firm international position to force those countries to immediately respond to the international consensus that the blockade should be lifted immediately, regardless of political differences. This came during intensive meetings held by Dr. Ali Al-Marri in the visit to the British capital London, where he met with members of the House of Commons; Tom Brake of the Liberal Democrats Party; Head of Parliamentary Group and spokesperson of the Party; Chris Williams, MP and Shadow Minister for Civil defense and Emergency; Baroness Manzila Pola Uddin; Lord of Labour Party; Baron Norman Reginald Warner of the Labour Party; in addition to Richard Jones, Head of Human Rights and Democracy of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. He also met Mr. Salil Shetti, Secretary-General of Amnesty International, and discussed with him the repercussions of the blockade on Qatar.
Silence of some governments and persistence of the blockade countries.
The President of the National Human Rights Committee noted that the silence of some governments encouraged the countries of the blockade States to continue their aggression and prolong the duration of the crisis, which has caused escalating human tragedies, not least of which is the denial of entire families from reunion and the disbanding of Gulf families due to unjust decisions
Dr. Al-Marri added, “We have received more than 4,000 complaints in the National Human Rights Committee so far, and we have documented thousands of cases of human rights violations. The serious thing is that there are thousands of victims from the blockade countries suffering in silence because of grave psychological damages, but they are under threat of harsh prison sentences, fines and the withdrawal or non-renewal of passports, in case they dare to submit complaints or criticize unfair decisions taken against the State of Qatar. ”
Al Marri stressed the need to give the tragedies of those affected by the blockade the highest priority in the discussions of the British parliament and government on the Gulf crisis, saying: “Regardless of the political differences that caused the current Gulf crisis, the governments and parliaments of the world have to strongly press those countries to stop the blockade imposed on Qatar, immediately and unconditionally, to put an end to the tragedies of thousands of citizens and residents of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. ”
Al Marri concluded by saying, “Apart from the serious dimensions that the current crisis may take and the time period to resolve it, it is certain that the blockade imposed by four Gulf-Arab states against a neighboring Gulf country will remain a black point in the history of the GCC countries and in the history of relations between countries. ”
Al Marri also announced that a UN mission will visit Doha from 18 to 23 November 2017 to investigate the humanitarian impact and violations caused by the blockade, in parallel with other forthcoming visits of international parliamentary delegations and human rights organizations to Doha in the coming days to report to countries and world parliaments on the extent of suffering of the peoples of the GCC States as a result of unilateral coercive measures taken by the States of the blockade, in flagrant violation of all international instruments and human rights law.
Dr. Ali Al-Marri addressed statements to deputies of the House of Commons and House of Lords, in a hearing hosted by the Scottish National Party MP Tommy Schipper of the Scottish Committee in the British Parliament. The session was attended by members the House of Commons and House of Lords. The hearing was devoted to a comprehensive report on the effects of the unjust inhuman blockade that has been imposed on since the beginning of the Gulf crisis. He also held a series of intensive meetings with Lester Carr Michael of the Liberal Democrats, MP Martyn Day of the Scottish National Party, Nicole Pinci, coordinator of the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights in Parliament, and MP David Wayne, Shadow Minister for Defense and Procurement at the British Ministry of Defense; and another meeting with MP Graham Morris, head of the British parliamentary delegation, who visited Doha in September and met with a number of people affected by the blockade and documented cases of human rights violations in a final report to parliamentarians and the international media. Dr. Ali bin Smaikh handed the deputies to the parliament copies of four reports, documenting the violations that have occurred since the beginning of the blockade against students, pilgrims, residents and international organizations.
No neutrality with human rights violations
Dr. Al-Marri addressed the MPs by saying: “the National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) considering with some organizations the possibility of establishing an international coalition of human rights organizations, activists and international figures to combat the siege on citizens and residents of the State of Qatar and the Gulf countries concerned. We will exert strong pressure through all international and regional platforms, and by all peaceful and legal means provided for in international instruments to lift this injustice on the Gulf people and Gulf citizens.”
He also stressed that “the world must be aware that there is no neutrality when it comes to violations of human rights,” noting that “the silence of some influential governments make the siege countries continue violations and prolong the humanitarian crisis.”
Al Marri declared to the Parliament Members that a mission from the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights will review the humanitarian situation of citizens and residents in Qatar and the citizens of the GCC countries, noting that the UN mission will meet with the victims and will be handed over all the data, documents, evidence and names of the victims, and that the mission will submit its report to the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
He also revealed that other international missions will visit Doha to submit their reports to countries and parliaments in the world to know the extent of the suffering of the peoples of the GCC countries due to the unilateral coercive measures taken by these countries in flagrant violation of all international conventions. He praised the great response and sympathy of members of parliament that he had met.
Strong interaction of MPs
The parliamentary hearing witnessed a great deal of interaction among MPs who asked about the reality of the situation in Qatar about five months after the blockade and expressed sympathy for the victims. The deputies met with Dr. Ali bin Smeikh that they will prepare a joint statement in the British Parliament on the humanitarian consequences of the blockade, in parallel to address the British Prime Minister and Foreign Minister on the violations of the embargo.Read More
Dr. Al-Marri: “Cultural and civilizational diversity is a gain for humanity and a heritage that should never be distorted or destroyed”.
The Spanish capital, Madrid, witnessed the inauguration of the 7th edition of the Exhibition of Arabic calligraphy about ‘Human Rights in Islamic Culture’. The inauguration took place in the presence of Dr. Ali Bin Smaikh Al Marri, president of the National Human Rights Committee in Qatar; Ambassador Pedro Martínez-Avial, Director of the Arab House “Casa Arabe” in Madrid; Ms. Eva Martinez Sanchez, Director of Maghreb and Africa Affairs at the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs; HE Mohammed bin Jaham Al-Kuwari, Ambassador of Qatar in Madrid; Spanish dignitaries, representatives of civil society organizations, and a number of diplomats, intellectuals, media and Spanish and foreign academics.
A window to introduce Islam and spread dialogue and tolerance.
The exhibition opened its doors to different sectors of Spanish society, as well as Arab and Muslim communities living in European countries. Over the past years, the “Calligraphy on Human Rights in Islamic Culture” exhibition has become a powerful window for introducing Islam, promoting a culture of peace and tolerance, and dialogue between religions and civilizations that the State of Qatar calls for in the international arena, to counter the culture of incitement and violence that contributed to the spread of extremist ideas and organizations, as well as hate speech and attempts to attach the charge of terrorism to the Islamic religion. The exhibition also presented a true picture to the Western societies on the status given to human rights by the Islamic religion.
Condemning the terrorist attacks in Spain.
In his speech on this occasion, Dr. Ali bin Smaikh Al Marri, president of the National Human Rights Committee in Qatar, began his intervention by confirming his “strong condemnation of the terrorist attacks that hit the Kingdom of Spain which are not recognized by any divine religion, nor accepted by living conscience or acknowledged by religious teachings, for they are anomalous and hostile to humanity, declaring his solidarity in the face of these poisoned and destructive extremist ideas.”
Dr. al-Marri availed the presence of the distinguished audience of Spanish Foreign Ministry officials, representatives of the diplomatic corps accredited to Madrid, and a number of intellectuals and opinion leaders around the world, to denounce the blockade imposed on Qatar since June 5. He said, “The National Human Rights Committee holds this Exhibition at a time when the State of Qatar is being subjected to an unjust blockade that violates all human rights instruments and principles.”
On the ethical message to be conveyed by the Exhibition, Al Marri said, “The Islamic religion is committed to human rights and calls for respect for human dignity and freedoms. The message of Islam has come to consolidate the principles of justice and equality among all human beings and to end injustice, tyranny, racism and oppression. It further calls for peace and coexistence among all religions, sects, races and ethnicities.”
He added that “terrorism has no religion and no nationality, and that the actions of extremist terrorist groups who take religion as a cover for their abnormal and sick behaviors to achieve their despicable goals, are far from Islam and its moderate true message. These fanatical groups represent only themselves, and there is no doubt that the entire world has seen the bright face of Islam over hundreds of years.”
He also noted that “the treatment of extremism and terrorism does not consist of fueling the feeling of hatred of Islam ‘Islamophobia’ and the consequent discourse of intolerance and hatred, but rather the extension of bridges of cooperation and dialogue between different religions, cultures and civilizations. Such treatment also can be through the search for, showing and pinpointing the common human heritage and values.”
Spain .. the gateway of Islamic civilization.
Dr. Al-Marri lauded the historical role of Spain and said, “Spain has played an important role in achieving the coexistence of civilizations and communication between different cultures, ideas and beliefs. It is the gateway through which Islamic civilization has spread in the fields of science and literature throughout Europe, and perhaps the remaining Islamic monuments in Spain to this day the greatest witness to that.” He concluded, “This exhibition is a message to the world. We do not mean it to speak or defend Islam, but just to stress that we are keen to show common values and commonalities; and you yourselves may judge that.”
Ambassador Mohammed Bin Jaham Al Kuwari, to Madrid: “Spain has always been a space for coexistence and understanding between different peoples, cultures and religions”
Ambassador Mohammed bin Jaham Al-Kuwari, Ambassador of Qatar to Madrid, praised the exhibition “The Arab Calligraphy on Human Rights in Islam,” adding that “The sample presented to us in this exhibition depicts what was in the past, what can be in the present, and what should be in the future. Each painting includes verses from the noble Quran and quotations from the sayings of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.”
On the importance of Madrid hosting the exhibition, Ambassador Mohammed said, “The hosting of this exhibition in Spain is a real motivation for happiness and an emphasis that the Arab culture has had a very prominent presence in this country since ancient times. Spain has always been a space for coexistence and understanding between different peoples, cultures and religions. At present, the country continues to play a very important role in this regard, due to several factors, most notably the remarkable work done by the Arab House ‘Casa Arabe’.”
Ambassador Pedro Martinez-Avial, Director of the ‘Arab House’ in Madrid:
“Qatar witnesses a dramatic shift in the defense of human rights”
Ambassador Pedro Martinez-Avial, Director of the Arab House in Madrid, praised the exhibition by saying, “I am honored to be present at this wonderful exhibition with the message it is addressing. As you know, promoting peace and defending human rights are key points in Spain’s policy. My presence at the exhibition emphasizes this.”
Ambassador Pedro added “Qatar has witnessed a remarkable transformation in the defense of human rights, and it is participating in many human rights forums, whether in the Arab world or internationally; this is clearly said by Dr. Ali Bin Smaikh Al Marri.” He concluded by saying: “Islam is a religion of peace and a religion of dialogue between all religions. The noble Quran and the Prophet’s sayings and teachings prove that in the essence of Islam there is an invitation to dialogue and understanding between religions and respect for human rights. I am happy that this message is the theme of this exhibition.”
Art is an upscale and effective message for the introduction of Islam
Mr. Nazmi Yousef, member of the administrative board of the Madrid Press Club, said:
“The exhibition is one of the most important ideas that explain the truth of Islam with a high-quality artistic message, and it is important to address the Western world with the message of art to introduce Islam, even though the Exhibition coincides with the week-end and under the conditions Spain is witnessing.”
Mr. Mahmoud Sobh, Tenured professor at Complutense University of Madrid and winner of Qatar’s Award for Translation, said:
“The exhibition is a beautiful promotion for the Islamic religion, reflecting the fact that it is a true religion of peace and tolerance. Most of the audience today are intellectuals, poets, writers and authors, in addition to diplomats. This reflects the attention paid by the elite of Muslim societies to the Exhibition of Human Rights in Islam.”
Positive comments expressed by participants in the exhibition
Mr. Aleksandra Yanichkova, a Slovakian citizen, said:
“It’s great that the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar is interested in organizing an exhibition that addresses Islam’s respect for human rights, because many people in the world do not believe in that. In addition, persuading the world of this fact via an art exhibition is a sublime message to educate peoples.”
Ms. Francesca Blanca, a Spanish artist,
noted that she had enjoyed the paintings in the gallery, and said. “I am an artist, and I am well aware of the extent to which art is capable of educating the people; hence is the importance of this exhibition introducing the status of human rights in Islam.” She added: “This exhibition is a great step to spread a culture of tolerance, and through dialogue and tolerance we spread the culture of peace in the world. So, all the appreciation goes to the National Human Rights Committee and the State of Qatar for this wonderful exhibition.”Read More
Dr. Ali bin Samih Al-Marri, president of Qatar National Human Rights Committee, stated that the committee works to monitor and report the humanitarian cases and find ways to resolve them, especially the situation of workers, other vulnerable groups including women, children, persons with disabilities, detainees…etc. This came in the context of the working paper presented by Dr. Al Marri in the General Assembly meeting of the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions held in the Algeria on the developments and the challenges facing Qatar NHRC and its proposals for the Arab Network. Al-Marri revealed that in 2017, the committee received (2084) complaints from residents and (3600) complaints from citizens due to the blockade imposed on the State of Qatar. Al Marri pointed out that Qatar National Human Rights Committee is keen to not interfere in the political affairs in the Gulf crisis. He said that the cooperation between Qatar National Human Rights Committee and the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt can be considered a best practice among national human rights institutions. Al-Marri said: “The inhuman blockade has caused several human rights violations, most notably the right to family reunification, which affected women, children, persons with disabilities, where children are deprived of their mothers and fathers. He added that The arbitrary actions and decisions that have been taken also prevented hundreds of students from completing their studies in flagrant violation of the right to education.The blockade also caused the loss and death of hundreds of camels and livestock, and denial of the use and disposition of private property, in a gross violation to the right to private property. The blockade also affected the right to movement and residence, the right to health, the right to work, the right to freedom of opinion and expression, the right to worship and freedom to practice religious rites. On other developments in Qatar, Al-Marri praised the issuance of the Law on regulating the rights of Domestic workers and the establishment of the Committee for the Settlement of Labor Disputes, which is considered a very positive step to harmonize laws with national and international human rights mechanisms, pointing out that NHRC recommended that more efforts should be made to improve the conditions of workers in Qatar, the most recent of which is the recommendation on the need to apply a system for collecting occupational health and safety data. The collection of national data on occupational health and safety indicators should be comprehensive and provide accurate information and statistics on the number and nature of occupational accidents and fatalities, which will help employers, insurance companies, labor inspectors and occupational health and safety agencies to use such data in planning and policy-making to protect workers.Read More
The President of the Human Rights Council in Egypt expressed his readiness to resolve the issues of Qatari property owners and students
The President of Qatar National Human Rights Committee, Dr. Ali bin Smaikh Al Marri, met with Ms. Fafa Zerrougui, President of the National Council for Human Rights in Algeria, Mr. Abdullah Bin Shouine Al Hosani, Chairman of Oman Human Rights Commission, and Dr. Mohammed Fayeq, president of Human Rights council in Egypt, on the sidelines of the General Assembly of the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions held in Algeria. Dr. Al-Marri and Mr. Fayeq, discussed the cases of the Qatari students studying in Egypt and owners of property who were affected by the blockade. Dr. Al-Marri stressed the need to move and find urgent solutions to these issues and cases. Mr. Mohamed Fayeq expressed his readiness to solve the issues of Qatari students and property owners. Qatar National Human Rights Committee has addressed the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt and stressed the need to not politicalize human rights files. In the course of his meetings, Al-Marri congratulated Ms. Fafa on the occasion of her assumption of the presidency of the Network at its new term during which he called for working on the objectives of the network, in particular strengthening the capacities of national human rights institutions. Al Marri also extended thanks to Al Hosani for the achievements of the Omani Commission in the previous presidency term of the Network. The two sides discussed the importance of strengthening the cooperation in the field of human rights and activating joint activities between the Qatari and Omani committees. During the meetings, Al-Marri also discussed means of cooperation with chairs of national human rights institutions, calling for the exchange of expertise and experiences in all human rights issues.
Dr. Ali bin Samih Al-Marri, president of Qatar National Human Rights Committee, called for the drafting of a charter of honor among Arab national human rights institutions in order to achieve their goals regardless of political disputes. Al-Marri called on National Institutions in the Arab region to further cooperate to develop mechanisms to protect and promote human rights, as well as to play its leading role in dealing with any violations that may occur to human rights and fundamental freedoms under in political crises. Al-Marri, in his speech at the opening of the General Assembly of the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions (ANNHRI), held in Algeria, called for the neutralization and non-politicization of the human rights files and said: “There is no doubt that the diplomatic disputes, and the divergence of visions towards some political issues and subjects, are normal between countries, however respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms should be maintained. The President of Qatar National Human Rights Human Rights Committee stated that the promotion and protection of human rights and freedoms is considered one of the noblest goals of national human rights institutions, and thus the NHRC in Qatar renewed its full and absolute support for all efforts of the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions. The National Human Rights Committee of Qatar also calls for activating the recommendations of the conferences implemented in partnership with the Arab Network of National Human Rights Institutions and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. At the same time, Al Marri praised the important role that the Arab Network has played since its inception and the efforts made by the Network for the promotion and protection of human rights in the Arab region and the efforts it has exerted to build bridges of cooperation and joint action between NHRIs to share experiences and build joint capacities. In the same context, Al-Marri stressed the importance of the strategic partnership between the Arab Network and the High Commission, and the General Secretariat of the Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior. At the end of his speech, Dr. Al Marri praised the strong partnership between the National Committee for Human Rights in Qatar and the National Council for Human Rights in Algeria, hosting the General Assembly of the Arab Network, expressing the sincere desire to strengthen this partnership.Read More
Qatar National Human Rights Committee explained that it has received up to 190 complaints from Qatari students studying in Egyptian universities; they are prevented from completing their studies and some of them were prevented from entering final exams in September 2017, due to the recent measures taken by the Egyptian authorities that oblige the Qatari Students to obtain security approval for the purpose of obtaining the entry visas to complete their studies and enter exams in Egyptian universities. Although the authorities in the Arab Republic of Egypt have already announced that Qatari students enrolled in Egyptian universities are excluded from the decision imposed on Qataris wishing to visit the Egyptian territories, the Egyptian authorities denied entry of Qatari students studying in Egyptian universities without obtaining Visa. Although some of these students have already obtained the necessary visas to enter Egypt, the Egyptian authorities denied their entry after arriving at the Egyptian airports claiming that they have not obtained the required security approvals and demanded that they return to the State of Qatar, which deprived them from entering the exams through no fault of their own.
The Egyptian authorities also put many obstacles to obtain the necessary security clearance to obtain entry visas by Qatari students studying in Egyptian universities, which caused their failure to attend classes of the new academic year 2017/2018, and enter the examinations of the second round and other examinations previously approved by the universities during September and October 2017, which causes severe damage to them, in flagrant violation of their right to education. In this regard, The National Human Rights Committee has addressed the National Council for Human Rights in the Arab Republic of Egypt and also addressed several international organizations, including the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.
The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) received at its headquarters the British parliamentary delegation from the House of Lords and the House of Representatives headed by MP Graham Morse. Ms. Maryam Bint Abdullah Al Attiyah, Secretary General of the Committee gave a brief on the effects of the blockade imposed on Qatar since 5 June 2017, and the steps taken by the Committee at the national, regional and international levels. The British parliamentary delegation met with a number of victims affected in various aspects of human rights issues, especially families that are dispersed, students who have been denied completion of their studies, and citizens who have been denied this year’s Hajj. The parliamentary delegation shall meet Dr. Ali bin Samih Al-Marri, president of the committee, to give a brief on the outcomes of their meetings with the victims and the necessary steps to redress their rights.Read More
The National Human Rights Committee called on the Qatari government to take all possible steps at the international level, especially at the level of the Security Council, international courts and arbitration committees, to lift the blockade imposed on citizens and residents in the State of Qatar and redress the victims. The Committee called for the acceleration of litigation procedures to redress the victims and recommended that the procedures for integrating students into universities and the Qatari educational system should be facilitated and that humanitarian cases of some affected persons should be addressed.
This came in the fourth report, titled, “Six months of the blockade, what is next?” .. 184 days and violations continue. The report included a comprehensive account of the victims’ testimonies about the violations against them, and the Committee’s efforts at the national level in monitoring and documenting violations, along with its international movement at various levels and destinations to end the blockade, violations and the resulting social and economic consequences.
The report said ..
The report pointed out that 3970 complaints have been received by the Committee since the blockade began, including 504 violations of the right to education, 236 violations against Qatari students, 1174 violations of the right to property, 629 violations of the right to family reunification, 1261 violations of the right to movement, 37 violations of the right to health, 163 violations of the right to practice religious rites, 109 violations of the right to work and 93 violations of the right to residence.”
Violations in the field of media
The National Human Rights Committee recorded 103 cases of media staff from citizens of the three countries, who were working in a number of visual media in the State of Qatar, and who were subjected to various types of violations, including pressure to force them to resign. As per such pressure, 10 of these workers were forced to submit their resignations, and therefore lost their jobs and livelihoods. There is still great pressure exercised on anyone who did not resign, and this act is a flagrant violation of freedom of the press, work, residence, and opinion at the same time.
The report pointed out that the countries of the blockade have blocked the Qatari channels, whether these channels are governmental or private. This is what came in the resolutions of the governments of the blockading countries, which decided to cancel the TV channels of Qatar and imposed of a fine of 100 thousand Riyals against those who contravene these directives.
Violations of the performance of rituals and religious rites
The report showed that the authorities of Saudi Arabia continue to put obstacles and impediments to Qatari citizens and residents in Qatar to perform rituals and religious rites. The Hajj and Umrah campaigners in the State of Qatar have complained about the harassment and difficulties placed against the residents when try to perform Umrah.
The report considered that the policy of “politicizing religious rites” has caused great financial losses and damages in Qatar since the beginning of the blockade due to the prohibition of performing Hajj and Umrah. The losses of the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs related to Hajj and Umrah were approximately QAR 4,500,000 in addition to other losses that resulted from the imposition of the blockade on the State of Qatar.
The report concluded by stressing that the governments of the countries of the blockade, through their arbitrary decisions and illegal measures, have violated – and still violates – several basic rules, laws and principles of international human rights law, which have become one of the most basic human rights. Some particular articles were violated in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as articles in other instruments, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights, the Human Rights Declaration of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the economic agreement between the GCC countries. The blockading states also violated the Chicago Convention banning the movement of Qatari civil aviation over their territories without any justification or war necessity or reasons related to public security.
The efforts of the Committee in the face of the blockade
The Committee has addressed about 450 human rights organizations and international and regional governmental and non-governmental organizations to appeal for urgent action to address the effects of the humanitarian crisis caused by the blockade. It has also visited 33 European and international capitals to inform them of the extent of the violations committed against the State of Qatar as a result of the blockade. In addition, the Committee has received numerous international human rights organizations, both governmental and non-governmental, and parliamentary delegations from European countries.
The report said that the Committee continues to receive complaints from victims of decisions associated with the blockade. These decisions have caused several human rights violations, including: family reunification, education, property, movement and residence, religious practice, health, work, etc.
The report also noted that the Qatari government has not taken any similar action against the citizens of the countries of the blockade, and the NHRC has not received any complaint in this regard. The State of Qatar also, on 22 June 2017, established the Claims Compensation Committee for damages resulting from the blockade.
* NHRC addresses its counterparts in the blockade countries, but to no avail!
In its ongoing efforts to address violations, the National Human Rights Committee has addressed both the Saudi and the UAE Human Rights Societies. The Committee also addressed the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt and sent all the lists of victims and called them to communicate with their authorities to deal with these violations. The Committee received no responses from them except the National Council for Human Rights in Egypt, which dealt positively with the letter of the Committee. The NHRC continued its attempts to communicate with the Bahraini National Institution for Human Rights – but to no avail.
Recommendations to the international community
The Committee’s report concluded with a series of urgent recommendations to put an end to the violations of the blockade. The Committee called upon the international community to act urgently to lift the blockade and to exert all possible efforts to mitigate its repercussions on the people of Qatar and the citizens of the blockade countries as well.
Recommendations to the United Nations and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
The Committee also submitted 4 recommendations to the United Nations and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights requesting them to present reports and data documenting the types of violations, especially the displacement of families, in particular the report of the technical mission of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, which visited Doha from 18 to 23 November 2017, and a detailed report on human rights violations to the Council Human rights , to the special rapporteurs and contractual mechanisms to address violations and ensure that they are not repeated. The Committee called upon the Human Rights Council to adopt a resolution and to take all possible measures to lift the blockade and the resulting violations and to demand compensation for all damages suffered by all individuals. It further called for the establishment of a fact-finding committee and to meet victims directly.
The Committee recommended to the special rapporteurs of the Human Rights Council that they should respond promptly to the reports of the National Human Rights Committee and the victims’ letters and call for urgent appeals in this regard and address the governments of the blockade countries to lift violations and redress the victims. It also called upon the special rapporteurs to conduct field visits to Qatar and the blockade countries to identify violations of human rights as a result of the blockade, and to codify these violations in periodic reports submitted to the Human Rights Council.
Recommendations to the GCC Secretariat
The Committee addressed the General Secretariat of the Gulf Cooperation Council, including a call to the Legal Affairs Sector in the General Secretariat, especially the Human Rights Office in the sector, to address the blockade countries to lift violations, redress the victims and stop any new arbitrary measures.
Recommendations to the States of the blockade
The Committee addressed five recommendations to the States of the blockade, calling on them to respect and abide by the commitments contained in the human rights conventions which they have ratified and acceded to, to cease, stop and remedy violations, to redress victims, to respond to reports of the National Human Rights Committee and international reports. A recommendation also request permission for the international organizations and missions to conduct field visits to learn about humanitarian situations closely, identify responsibilities and redress victims. Such recommendations further called for the need to neutralize the political file on the impact on humanitarian and social conditions, and not to be used as a pressure card for violating international law and international human rights law.
Recommendations to the Qatari Government
The National Human Rights Committee concluded its report with recommendations to the Qatari government, including taking all possible steps at the international level, at the level of the Security Council, international courts and arbitration committees, to lift the blockade off citizens and residents of the State of Qatar. It also called on the Claims Compensation Committee to speed up litigation procedures to redress victims, facilitate the integration of students into universities and the Qatari education system and address humanitarian cases for some affected persons.
The fourth report complements three general reports and four special reports that the Committee has issued since the beginning of the crisis. That time, the NHRC confirmed that it would continue to update this basic report as long as the blockade and the resulting violations continued.Read More
The report on the violation of the right to education comes in a series of reports prepared by the NHRC, on violations arising from the blockade imposed on the State of Qatar. The blockade caused a lot of damage, where the three blockading countries (Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain) prevented Qatari students and Qatari residents from continuing their education at their educational institutions, as well as preventing their own students from continuing their education in the State of Qatar. Such violation of the right to education may be summarized as follows:
– The National Human Rights Committee has received enormous complaints amounted to 213 cases of students from the State of Qatar studying in The countries of the blockade, where the authorities of Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain forced them to leave their territories. The students found themselves with a prior notice deprived of pursuing their studies after the decision of those countries to sever their relations with Qatar on June 5, 2017. The blockade continues for the fourth month, while these students are still prevented from attending for their final exams, although some of them just had one month to graduate.
– The countries of the blockade forced 706 students studying at Qatar University to return to their countries (Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain) within 14 days from the date of announcing the severing of ties, and prevented them from completing their studies.
– As per the cases reported by the Committee, The countries of the blockade have prevented their universities from cooperating with the expelled Qatari students, and did not respond to any requests of facilitating for students to complete their studies or recover the amounts they paid or even to obtain their academic documents. Such measures caused blatant harm to the future of these students and violated their right to education.
– The violation was not only limited to students , but also to their families who sought the right of their sons and daughters to a quality education, but were shocked by the decisions that caused them materialistic and moral harm.
– Expulsion of students without legal justification and preventing them from residence and completion of the study, this not only violates their right to education but also violates their guaranteed right in freedom of movement and residence, as supported by international laws and conventions that guarantee the right to move freely.
Recommendations to the concerned parties:
To the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain:
1. Lift the blockade imposed on the State of Qatar and take the necessary and appropriate measures to resume the study for all students, whether Qataris or citizens of these three blockading countries.
2. Open ports, land, air and sea crossings to allow all Qatari students and students residing in Qatar to return to complete their studies and not to involve them in any political or economic dispute between countries.
3. Allow students from the three countries to return to complete their studies in Qatar.
4. Facilitate all means to guarantee the right of education for all students from the State of Qatar and from the three blockading countries.
5. Ensure that students from both sides return to their countries without causing any harm to them at the educational, psychological or physical levels.
6. Compensate the affected students and guarantee that they will not be harmed again.
To the Special Rapporteur on the right to education:
1. Submit special reports to the Human Rights Council and to the General Assembly on violations committed against the State of Qatar of the right to education, the right to development, the right to security and safety and the right to freedom of movement and residence.
2. contact other states and parties concerned with respect to cases of violations of the right to education. This right is guaranteed in accordance with the international conventions on the prevention of any discrimination in the right to education.
3. Address the blockading states to necessarily comply and respect the right to education, which means that they must avoid measures that impede or prevent the enjoyment of the right to education.
To the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):
1. Issue an appeal to call on the countries of the blockade to stop violating the right to education by lifting the blockade on the State of Qatar, and expeditiously consider the complaints of students whose right to education was violated, compensate them and lift injustice to which they were subjected.
2. Issue a special report on the complaints of students who have been deprived of their right to education due to the blockade imposed on the State of Qatar, explaining the violations they have suffered and enabling students to join their universities and complete their studies.
To the United Nations, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, and UNICEF:
1. Prepare reports and data documenting cases of violations of the right of education for Qataris students, residents of Qatar and students of the three blockading countries, because this violation will in turn lead to damage to their scientific, educational, moral and career future.
To the international accreditation committees of universities:
1. Address the universities in the three blockading countries to refrain from their decisions that prevent Qatari students from continuing their education in their universities, and find suitable solutions for these students to complete their university studies.
2. Urge international Universities in the blockading states not politicize people’s education because of the blockade imposed on the state of Qatar, and to respect the international code of ethics for universities.
To the international community:
1. Victims of violations of the right to education should have access to effective judicial remedies or other remedies at both national and international levels.
2. Human rights committees, or similar institutions at the national level, should address the countries of the blockade’ violations of the right to education in the State of Qatar.
3. Advocate and launch campaigns for the full realization of the right to education, and to hold accountable the responsible countries .Read More