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The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) of the State of Qatar has released a report documenting the violations against the […]

The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) of the State of Qatar has released a report documenting the violations against the citizens of the four Gulf states following the decision by three Gulf states (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Kingdom of Bahrain) to cut ties with Qatar, and impose a land blockade with shutting down the air and sea routes. Additionally, these three states notified their citizens that they have to leave the State of Qatar within 14 days, and banned Qatari citizens from entering their lands.
The report notes that 13,314 at least were directly affected by that decision. The violations included family separations, violations to the right to travel, education, work, freedom of opinion, residency and ownership.

The report noted that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Kingdom of Bahrain have taken severe, escalated, shocking steps on 5 June, 2017, that involved the shutdown of sea, land, and air routes in the face of trades, but also in the face of the Gulf Citizen in a series of actions never witnessed before by the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), disregarding all human rights and humanitarian standards and principles and their legal repercussions.

According to the report, hundreds of complaints have been submitted to the NHRC via e-mail, phone, or personal visits to the NHRC headquarters in Doha, Qatar’s capital. According to data collected by NHRC, approximately 11,387 citizens from the three blockading states live in Qatar, and approximately 1927 Qatari citizens live in those states. All of those people have been affected in different areas and sectors to varying degrees. In some cases, the actions of the blockading states separated a mother from her children.
The report stresses that NHRC appreciates and esteems the step taken by Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and UAE to take into consideration the situation of mixed families (Saudi-Qatari, Bahraini-Qatari, and Emirati-Qatari families), adding that this a step in the right direction. The report, however, calls on the three states to clarify the implementation mechanisms, and emphasizes that it has to include all human rights and legal areas

Dr. Ali Al Marri, chairman of NHRC, stated that “”The suffering of the GCC people has become notable through the reports published by the NHRC, international reports and statements and stories published in the mainstream media and social media. After all, we hope that the besieging countries take into account the rights and interests of the GCC peoples”.
NHRC team recorded roughly 2451 complaints of various types of violations against citizens of the four Gulf states, where the work methodology draws upon visits by the victims to the NHRC headquarters and the special forms that NHRC prepared and were filled in by the victims with detailed information, in addition to attaching copies of victims’ IDs, while some victims attached university and school reports, work contracts, or other documents that are available in the NHRC archive.

The report notes that some individuals were subjected to more than one type of violation. The report highlights at least two cases for each violation type. Also, the report includes a table with classifications of the violations by type and the responsible country:

Violation
total residence work Practicing

Religion

health Movement Family reunification property education Responsible country
1560  50 64 121 14 557 261 464 29 Saudi Arabia
507  1 7 1 196 52 165 85 UAE
375  22 30 10 99 167 22 25 Bahrain
9  9 Miscellaneous
2451  71 101 121 25 861 480 651 139 Total

 

What the NHRC was able to report and document is still the bare minimum, considering that many of those whose rights were violated don’t know of the existence of any mechanisms for complaint submission. In addition, many complainants were afraid to reveal their identities due to the measures and actions that could be taken against them by their countries’ local authorities if they contacted or submitted a compliant. Finally, there are violations against minors (under 18 years), and since they do not have identity documents, statistics do not include a large number of them.

The report notes that the Qatari government didn’t take any action against the citizens of the three states, and we didn’t receive any complaint of that nature.
The report notes that the decisions of the governments of KSA, UAE, and Bahrain Kingdom have violated a number of international human rights laws and principles, as well as several fundamental human rights, which are treated as international norms due to its wide scope of application on the international level, including articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Most notably: 5,9,12,13,19,23, and 26), Articles in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (most notably Part III of Article 6, and Articles 10 and 13), articles of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Part II of Article 2), in addition to Articles in the Arab Charter on Human Rights (Articles 3,8,26,32, and 33), the GCC Declarations of Human Rights (Articles 6, 9, 14, 24, and 27), and the Economic Agreement between the GCC States. Therefore, those states are responsible for protecting and preserving the rights and interests of the individuals living on their lands.

The report calls on the international community to take urgent action to lift the siege, and make every possible effort to mitigate its repercussions on the people of the State of Qatar and citizens of the three countries. It also calls on the United Nations and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to take speedy steps to bind the besieging states to countermand their decisions.

Additionally, the report calls on the OHCHR to prepare reports and statements documenting the various types of violations that affected great numbers of people, especially the families that were separated, including the resulting consequences on women and children; and calls on these states to respect the basic freedoms of the people living on their lands.
The report calls on the Human Rights Council to take every possible action in order to end the blockade and its ramifications, and calls for the compensation of all people who were affected.

Moreover, the report calls on Human Rights Council Special Rapporteurs to document forms on the various types of violations that occurred, and contact the concerned governments in that regard as soon as possible. The report asserts that NHRC is ready to share all the relevant data on violations and complaints.

In addition, the report calls on that Secretariat General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the Council’s Conflict Resolution Commission, to move as quickly as possible and do everything in its power to convince the governments of the besieging countries to settle the social, civil, and cultural situation for the families and citizens.
The report calls on KSA, UAE, and Kingdom of Bahrain to respect the uniqueness of the Gulf societies, and to refrain from making any decisions that sever the ties between families and societies, and to countermand these decisions as soon as possible.

Also, the report calls on those states to respect the basic human rights to movement, private property, work, residence, and freedom of expression and opinion in accordance with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Arab Charter on Human Rights.

Also, the report stressed that the political developments should not affect the humanitarian and social situations. Finally, the report calls on the Qatari government to take all possible steps at the international level, at the level of the Security Council and the international courts, to lift the siege on the people of Qatar, to defend their rights in the face of violations against them, and to hold accountable those who are responsible for all the violations.

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His Excellency Dr. Ali bin Smaikh al-Marri, Chairman of the National Committee for Human Rights, met today at the Committee’s […]

His Excellency Dr. Ali bin Smaikh al-Marri, Chairman of the National Committee for Human Rights, met today at the Committee’s headquarters; the Ambassadors of the European States, Canada and America; The meeting was aimed at informing ambassadors of all the repercussions of the siege imposed on Qatar on the humanitarian situation of the citizens of the GCC countries. During the meeting, Al-Marri explained the movements of the National Committee for Human Rights at the local level and the humanitarian challenges faced by those affected by the blockade and the mechanisms of receiving their complaints which amounted to 2324 complaints until yesterday, confirming by statistics that the biggest loser of this crisis are citizens and residents of the GCC countries.

And D. Al-Marri gave the ambassadors reports of violations monitored by the Committee since the beginning of the siege crisis. At the same time, he informed them of the legal actions taken by the Committee from individual and collective complaints for submission to the United Nations, UNESCO and relevant international mechanisms. As well as preparing judicial complaints coordinated through the International Law Office set by the Commission. He also gave an overview of the Commission’s moves at the international level and its meetings with international organizations and organizations of the besieged States. In addition to his visit to the European capitals (London – Geneva – Paris – Brussels) during which he held intensive meetings with the relevant international organizations led by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs as well as other international non – governmental organizations and officials of files Foreign Affairs and Human Rights in the European Parliament. As well as his meetings with international human rights-related personalities. During his meeting, Al Marri stressed the great international response and their rejection of the human and human rights violations caused by the siege on Qatar, through statements condemning and denouncing the actions and decisions of the embargo countries (Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain).
Revealing the movements of international humanitarian organizations to the need to lift the siege and not to link human rights issues with politics.

He assured them that the National Committee will continue to communicate with them to inform them of the latest developments in the human rights situation and the violations of the siege imposed on the citizens of the GCC countries.

While Dr. Al-Marri sees the opportunity to meet with the Ambassadors is an opportunity to express the solidarity of the National Committee for Human Rights with the joint families, which were deprived by the siege crisis of Ramadan’s Eid with their families. Especially women and children who have begun to prepare themselves for this occasion since the holy month of Ramadan

 

 

 

 

 

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  Dr. Ali Bin Smaikh Al Marri, Chairman of the National Human Rights Committee in Qatar, stressed that the European […]

 

Dr. Ali Bin Smaikh Al Marri, Chairman of the National Human Rights Committee in Qatar, stressed that the European Parliament should bear their humanitarian, moral and legal responsibilities towards the siege imposed on Qatar, which is similar to the Berlin Wall. Members of the European Parliament stressed that the State of Qatar plays an important role in the fight against terrorist groups and should continue to play this role, referring to the statistics published on violations due to the siege in the report of the NHRC. Al Marri calls on The European Parliament and the European Union to work intensively on the immediate end of the siege, as well as the formation of a committee of the European Parliament to visit the headquarters of the NHRC in Qatar to meet the victims. Dr. Al Marri extended thanks to many European countries for their clear their positions on the siege of Qatar, noting the strong partnership between the NHRC and its counterparts in the European Union.
Dr. Al Marri reviewed many cases and statistics of violations of human rights as a result of the siege crisis. He revealed the latest statistics received by the NHRC until 20 June 2017, which reached as a total of (1972) complaints relating to violations of the rights to private property, family reunification, the right to movement, health, education, freedom of religious practices, work and residence. He added: complaints and violations caused by Saudi Arabia reached to 1344 complaints divided into 23 relating to the right to education, 418 relating to the right to private property, 212 relating to the right to family reunification, 13 relating to the right to health, 109 relating to the right to freedom of religious practice, 52 relating to work and 35 in residence; while complaints and violations caused by the UAE reached to a total (378) and divided into 10 relating to education, 120 relating to private properties, 39 relating to family reunification, 143 relating to movement, 5 relating to work and one complaint relating to residence. As for Bahrain, there are 241 complaints, including 10 relating to education, 16 relating to property, 116 relating to families, 58 relating to movement, 8 relating to health, 17 relating to work and 16 relating to residence. Dr. Ali stated that the total number of complaints have reached 103 on education and property, 554 relating to family, 367 relating to movement and health, 103 relating to freedom of religious practices, 74 relating to work, and 52 relating to residence.

Al-Marri called for separate the human rights and the humanitarian file from any political conflicts and said: We cannot use civilians and peoples to achieve political goals, stressing that his country has not and will not reciprocate in front of these violations and crimes against the citizens and residents of the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, condemning what he called the shocking silence of all human rights mechanisms in the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Gulf Cooperation Council. He said: we organized during the month of February, a major international conference with the United Nations on human rights approaches to address conflict situations in the Arab region, with a broad presence of the delegations of the besieged countries and here we are exposed to the worst abuses.

Members of the Committee on Foreign Relations in the European Parliament discussed the human rights violations published on the reports of the NHRC and stated that the siege must end. They pointed out that the State of Qatar plays a role in the fight against terrorist groups. They pointed out that they will discuss the issue of the siege of Qatar at the level of the Commission on Human Rights in the European Parliament and in the Committee on Foreign Relations. They pointed out that The EU will support any political solution and supports the mediation of Kuwait; stressing that human rights must be separated from any political differences. They affirmed their support for the values presented by the National Human Rights Committee in Qatar and said: We call you to defend human rights and support the peoples. Members of the Foreign Relations Committee of the European Parliament noted that they had taken note of the demands of the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar and that they will forward the NHRC’s report to all parliamentarians and to the Commission on Human Rights of the European Parliament.

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The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) of the State of Qatar has released a report documenting the violations against the […]

The National Human Rights Committee (NHRC) of the State of Qatar has released a report documenting the violations against the citizens of the four Gulf states following the decision by three Gulf states (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Kingdom of Bahrain) to cut ties with Qatar, and impose a land blockade with shutting down the air and sea routes. Additionally, these three states notified their citizens that they have to leave the State of Qatar within 14 days, and banned Qatari citizens from entering their lands.

The report notes that 13,314 at least were directly affected by that decisions. The violations included family separations, violations to the right to travel, education, work, freedom of opinion, residency and ownership.

The report adds that Not only did the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Kingdom of Bahrain took severe, escalated, shocking steps on 5 June, 2017, that involved the shutdown of sea, land, and air routes in the face of trades, but also in the face of the Gulf Citizen in a series of actions never witnessed before by the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), disregarding all human rights and humanitarian standards and principles and their legal repercussions.

According to the report, hundreds of complaints have been submitted to the NHRC via e-mail, phone, or personal visits to the NHRC headquarters in Doha, Qatar’s capital. According to data collected by NHRC, approximately 11,387 citizens from the three blockading states live in Qatar, and approximately 1927 Qatari citizens live in those states. All of those people have been affected in different areas and sectors to varying degrees. In some cases, the actions of the blockading states separated a mother from her children.

The report stresses that NHRC appreciates and esteems the step taken by Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and UAE to show sympathy for the joint Saudi-Qatari, Bahraini-Qatari, and Emirati-Qatari families, adding that this a step in the right direction. The report, however, calls on the three states to clarify the execution mechanisms, firstly, and, secondly, emphasizes that it has to include all human rights and legal areas

Dr. Ali al Marri, chairman of NHRC, says:
“The Conflict Resolution Commission of the GCC has to play its role in resolving the ongoing rift, and even more vitally when the conflict directly affects the lives and principle rights of a large number of the GCC states citizens.”

NHRC team recorded roughly 764 complaints for various types of violations against citizens of the four Gulf states between 5 June, the date on which the blockade, ban, and boycott started, and Monday dawn 12 June, where the work methodology draws upon visits by the victims to the NHRC headquarters and the special forms that NHRC prepared and were filled by the victims with detailed information, in addition to attaching copes of the victims’ I.D., while some victims attached university and school reports, work contracts, family statements, and other documents that are available in the committee archive.

The report notes that an individual might be the object of more than one type of violations. The report highlights two testimonies or more from the victims for each violation type. Also, the report includes a table that breaks down the violations by their type and the violator state:

Complaint/Country Education Ownership Family Separation Travel Health Religious Practices Work Residency Total
Saudi Arabia 9 179 74 212 4 25 23 7 764
UAE 16 35 21 46 3
Bahrain 5 2 60 19 5 12 2
Multiple 5
Total 30 216 155 282 9 25 38 9

The report stresses that what has been documented is still the bare minimum, considering that many of those whose rights were violated don’t know of the existence of any mechanisms for complaint submission. In addition, many of them seriously fear that retaliatory actions could be taken against them by their countries’ local authorities if they contacted or submitted a compliant, in light of unprecedented punitive actions by the three states for merely sympathizing with the State of Qatar.

The report notes that the Qatari government didn’t take any action against the citizens of the three states, and we didn’t receive any complaint of that nature.

The report says that the government of KSA, UAE, and Bahrain Kingdom have violated in those decisions a number of principle international human rights laws and rules, which are ones of the most fundamental human rights. For the simplicity and unanimity these rules enjoy, and their wide applications, these rules are treated as international norms. These resolutions blatantly violate a number of articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Most notably: 5,9,12,13,19,23, and 26) and other Articles in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (most notably Part III of Article 6, and Articles 10 and 13) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (Part II of Article 2), in addition to Articles in the: Arab Charter on Human Rights (Articles 3,8,26,32, and 33), the GCC Declarations of Human Rights (Articles 6, 9, 14, 24, and 27), and the Economic Agreement between the GCC States. Therefore, those states are responsible for protecting and preserving the rights and interests of the individuals living on their lands.

The report calls on the United Nations and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) to take speedy steps to bind the states that made these abusive decisions to repeal them.

Additionally, the report calls on the OHCHR to prepare reports and statements documenting the various types of violations that affected great numbers of people, especially the families that were separated, including the terrifying ramifications on women and children as a result of the separation of their families. Also, the OHCHR has to call on these states to respect the basic freedoms of the people living on their lands.

The report calls on the Human Rights Council to take every possible action in order to end the blockade and its ramifications, and call for the compensation of all people who were harmed and affected.

Moreover, the report calls on Human Rights Council Special Rapporteurs to document forms on the various types of violations that occurred, and contact certain governments in that regard as soon as possible. The report asserts that NHRC is fully prepared to share all the data it possesses.

In addition, the report emphasizes that Sectarianist General of the Gulf Cooperation Council, and especially The High Council’s Conflict Resolution Commission, has to move as quickly as possible and do everything in its power to convince the states’ governments to start settling the social, civil, and cultural situation for the families and citizens.

The report calls on KSA, UAE, and Kingdom of Bahrain to respect the uniqueness of the Gulf societies, and to refrain from making any decisions that sever the nexuses between families and societies even further, and to repeal these decisions as quickly as possible.
Also, the report calls on those states to respect the basic human rights in travel, ownership, work, residency, and expression of opinion that are stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Third: International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Arab Charter on Human Rights.
Also, the report says that those states should see it that the political developments don’t impact the humanitarian and social areas, and cease its use as a leverage card, which is a violation to the international law and the international human rights law.
Finally, the report calls on those states to respect the holiness of the Holy Month of Ramadan, repeal all decisions, and end the blockade before Eid al-Fitr.

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The delegation of the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar, headed by HE Dr. Ali Bin Samikh Al Marri, flew […]

The delegation of the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar, headed by HE Dr. Ali Bin Samikh Al Marri, flew from London to Geneva today, where the 35th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council is underway.

Dr Al Marri met with officials from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and with the Office of Special Procedures – a group of independent human rights experts with mandates to report and advise on human rights issues.

Dr Al Marri called on UN officials to take action over the human rights violations against Qatari citizens, and citizens of some Gulf countries working and residing in Qatar whose countries are enforcing a siege upon Qatar. The meeting addressed ways of involving UN mechanisms to address such violations.

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Amnesty International today confirmed that recent humanitarian measures by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Bahrain are vague and insufficient and […]

Amnesty International today confirmed that recent humanitarian measures by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Bahrain are vague and insufficient and do not address the human rights situation. This came during a meeting between His Excellency Dr. Ali Bin Samikh Al Marri, President of the National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar and His Excellency Mr. Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International at the organization’s headquarters in London. The meeting discussed the repercussions of the siege imposed on the State of Qatar, the serious violations of international human rights law and the violation of the basic rights of Gulf and Qatari citizens.

Mr Shetty condemned the violations, stressing that Amnesty International would continue to work with all concerned parties to reach a resolution.

The Secretary-General stressed that recent measures taken by the states enforcing the siege to address its repercussions on ordinary families were inadequate, vague, and lacking in mechanisms. He said the rights of these families must be restored in full to all those affected, not only those chosen as exceptions, and that these are basic human rights that cannot be fragmented.

The meeting between Amnesty and NHRC followed Amnesty’s earlier visit to Doha to examine complaints received by the NHRC. The number of Qatari and Gulf citizens affected has now reached more than 700 cases.

During his visit to London, HE Dr. Ali Bin Samikh Al Marri held several meetings with relevant organizations, human rights figures and international lawyers. He met with officials from the International Federation of Journalists and discussed the effects of the siege on freedom of opinion and expression and the rights of journalists. The meeting dealt with the severe penalties faced by Gulf citizens in the boycotting countries should they express sympathy for the State of Qatar, as well as a crackdown in those countries on journalists and online activists who criticise the blockade.

The IFJ expressed its deep condemnation of this harassment which restricted the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and stressed the need to intervene quickly to stop the arbitrary measures that have resulted in the blocking of satellite channels, and the closing the offices of Aljazeera – a clear violation of freedom of opinion and expression and the right to information. The meeting also discussed the ‘terrorism list’ produced by the same countries, which includes a number of individuals and institutions

Dr. Al Marri asked all media organisations and press freedom NGOs to take urgent action to defend the rights of journalists and protect freedom of opinion and expression. He stressed the need to intensify efforts to expose the human rights violations resulting from the siege of Qatar.

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The National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar has dismissed the recent directives issued by the Kingdom of […]

The National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar has dismissed the recent directives issued by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain regarding the humanitarian situation of mixed-citizenship families. It views their actions as little more than a face-saving measure.

The NHRC says the directives remain too vague to have any practical impact and are void of a mechanism to be of assistance to those affected. It adds that while the directives make reference to considering the humanitarian situation, they provide no solution to the serious legal and human rights issues that have resulted from the arbitrary measures imposed by Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain on the State of Qatar, which are in violation of all humanitarian norms, charters and principles, and constitute international human rights crimes. The Committee considers the recent directives as a public relations exercise in damage control, following huge international outcry over the blockade and its impact.

The NHRC adds that the the siege of Qatar is not only a gross violation of the rights of Gulf citizens (both Qatari and non-Qatari), but also the rights of expat residents in the State of Qatar.

The blockade of Qatar has trampled over a wide range of civil, economic social and cultural rights. The right to movement and residence, the right to private property, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to religious freedom, the right to work, the right to education, and the right to health have all been seriously damaged.

Families have been split apart, livelihoods are being lost, and the academic prospects of students are being destroyed.

The Committee also notes a serious attack on press freedoms and freedoms of opinion and expression in the states enforcing the blockade, where any expression of sympathy towards Qatar has been criminalised. Those who object to the arbitrary and illegal measures taken by their governments face huge financial penalties and lengthy prison sentences.

The NHRC has been documenting and reporting on the tragic humanitarian cases resulting from the blockade, and the traumatic psychological effect it is having on citizens and residents in the Gulf as a whole.

The Committee insists it will continue to perform according to its mandate of protecting, promoting and consolidating the rights and freedoms of those affected in the GCC, and will continue to document and report on all human rights violations, and raise complaints to international bodies and organisations.

Finally, the NHRC reminds the three States enforcing the blockade that they must shoulder full responsibility for the resulting damage to lives and property in accordance to international norms and principles and their obligations under international human rights treaties. They must take immediate measures to stop all human rights violations, lift the siege imposed on the State of Qatar, and alleviate the suffering of the Gulf people

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(Text of the Statement) The National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar has been briefed on the report […]

(Text of the Statement)

The National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar has been briefed on the report of Al-Arabiya TV on 5 June 2017 that The organizers of the International Conference on Human Rights Approaches to Conflict Situations in the Arab Region, held in Doha on 20-21 February 2017, that the human rights organizations of Qatar and Iran direct accusations to Saudi Arabia and the Arab Coalition for supporting the legitimate Government of the country.

In response to these claims of a channel claiming professionalism, the above-mentioned international conference was organized by the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Secretariat General of the Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab Parliament, the National Human Rights Committee of Qatar and the Arab Network for NHRIs, with the participation of 320 international, regional and national organizations in the field of human rights and representatives of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and the Ministries of the Interior in 18 countries, including the representatives of the governments of the GCC countries, where the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia participated with a delegation led by the President of the Saudi Commission for Human Rights and the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Interior, as well as for the UAE with the participation of representatives of the government and civil society organizations such as the UAE Society for Human Rights, The Emirates Association for Lawyers and Jurists, the Dubai Foundation for Women and Children’s Welfare and the Arab Federation for Human Rights, while the Kingdom of Bahrain participated with a delegation of organizations accredited in Bahrain, headed by the National Foundation for Human Rights, The Arab representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the President of the National Council for Human Rights. However, Iran have not participated in the conference as alleged by the report.

The aim of the conference was to discuss the various roles played by NHRIs in the prevention, protection and resolution of conflicts; and the conference was not directed against any country in any of the discussions or side meetings and the best evidence of the effectiveness of the Conference is its recommendations that have been adopted unanimously.

The National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar has been entrusted with organizing such an annual conference to serve our Arab issues in fruitful cooperation with the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the League of Arab States, the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Arab Parliament and the General Secretariat of the Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior.

Doha 06/06/2017

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Under the patronage of His Excellency Sheikh Abdullah Bin Nasser Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, the […]

Under the patronage of His Excellency Sheikh Abdullah Bin Nasser Bin Khalifa Al-Thani, Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, the National Human Rights Committee of the State of Qatar and the High Commissioner for Human Rights organize the “International conference on Human rights- based approach to conflict situations in the Arab region”, in Sheraton Doha Hotel during the period from 20 to 21 February, 2017, In collaboration with the General Secretariat of the Council of Arab Interior Ministers and the Arab Network for National Human Rights Institutions and under honorary sponsorship of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Arab Maghreb Union and the Arab Parliament.

The Conference will bring together 220 participants including government officials, representatives from United Nations peacekeeping missions, international, regional government and non-governmental organizations, and human rights institutions, policy researchers, experts from treaty bodies, UN special rapporteurs, and representatives from offices of the High commissioner for Human Rights in the Arab region.

Ms. Maryam bint Abdullah Al-Attiyah, Secretary-General of NHRC stated that The conference aims to promote the Human rights approach in addressing conflict situations and crises, identify human rights- based early warning mechanisms, promote platforms for dialogue with a view to preventing crises situations from degenerating into armed conflicts, provide redress for addressing human rights concerns, develop comprehensive and inclusive human rights-based post-conflict strategies, and map good practices and emerging initiatives in the area of cooperation between international human rights mechanisms, peacekeeping missions and civil society; pointing out that several working papers shall be presented at all sessions and workshops; The Conference will be delivered in 2 languages (Arabic and English) and interpretation will also be provided.
Al Attiyah said that the conference will be divided into two parts, the first part is dedicated to Interactive Debates including interactive dialogue on the integration of policies and human rights strategies in the global United Nations strategies on tackling extremism, anti-terrorism, and peace keeping processes. The first day of the conference will discuss Respecting Human Rights As a Preventive Approach and Assessing Human Rights Violations in Conflict Situations from NGO’s perspective. Al-Attiyah said: The second part will consist of four working groups on the integration of human rights-based tools and mechanisms in the processes of conflict prevention, coordination of the joint efforts of the United Nations, national human rights institutions and civil society in dealing with conflict situations, analysis of the impact of conflict on human rights, implementation of the peace agreements, and reforms based on human rights. Working groups will also discuss “Protection of Women Children and Minorities in Conflict Situation”, and the impact of armed conflict on the enjoyment of the right to education.
Al Attiyah added that is the idea of organizing this international conference on this important theme comes as a result of the events that began in 2011 in the Middle East and North Africa overlapping armed conflicts in which a number of simultaneous and overlapping armed conflicts have shaken the regions status quo, exacerbated internal and regional divisions and profoundly worsened the overall level of violence. In the face of such dramatic developments, it is timely and important for regional bodies, governmental and nongovernmental bodies and conflicting parties, to come together around basic human rights norms and develop a regional approach to prevention and management of conflict situations.

Al Attiyah added, In a conflict situation, international human rights law and international humanitarian law share the goal of preserving the dignity and humanity of all. Noting that The Security Council, the General Assembly, the Commission on Human Rights and, more recently, the Human Rights Council have clearly stated that in armed conflict, parties to the conflict have legally binding obligations concerning the rights of persons affected by the conflict, where International human rights law protects people at all times, whether during peacetime or conflict, while international humanitarian law operates during periods of armed conflict and provides specific protection to civilians and persons no longer participating directly in hostilities and active participants in the conflict.

Al Attiyah stressed that Indeed, as has been recognized by international and regional courts, as well as by United Nations organs, treaty bodies and human rights special procedures, both bodies of law apply to situations of armed conflict and provide complementary and mutually reinforcing protection.

Al Attiyah commended the cooperation between NHRC and the High Commissioner for Human Rights Over the past five years, which resulted in organizing annual large-scale conferences, The theme of the 2015 conference was human rights and security challenges in the Arab region, with an overall objective of discussing the relationship between maintaining security and respect for human rights while considering the basic responsibilities of the states. The 2016 conference provided the opportunity to discuss the role of OHCHR in the Arab region. Participants made a number of recommendations addressed to OHCHR and other UN agencies, governments, national human rights organizations and civil society.

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The National Human Rights Committee welcomed the cooperation with the office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Dr. Ali […]

The National Human Rights Committee welcomed the cooperation with the office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Dr. Ali bin Smaikh Al Marri, Chairman of the NHRC met with Mr. Mohammed Ali Al Nosor, Director of the Middle East and North Africa division of the High Commissioner for Human Rights Office in Geneva in the presence of the new Director of the United Nations Centre for training and documentation, Mr. George Abu Zalf. Al Marri stated that it is time for cooperation and organization of workshops and training courses, especially in the presence of the Arab network for national human rights institutions and Doha sub-regional Office for the APF. The two sides also reviewed the challenges facing the Arab world and which national institutions and governments are keen to address and solve.

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